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The whole world is going through a hard time. Every day thousands of people are dying and many are getting infected by the SARS-CoV-2. Our hearty condolences to their families and friends. This outbreak can be controlled by our combined effort. Many people don’t understand the importance of social distancing in this crucial time. Here is why it is so important,

Let X be a person who is already infected. X doesn't follow the instructions and get outside of the home to meet people. X meets two people Y and Z on the first day. These two people get infected. Y and Z don't know that they are infected. X, Y, and Z all go to the market the next day. X meets two of his relatives, Y meets two shopkeepers and Z meets two of his friends. So, X, Y, and Z cause six more infections. Total reported infections are 9 by this day. If every infected people causes two more infections each day then the number of total infected people follows the series below:

- Day = 1, New = 0, Total = 1
- Day = 2, New = 2, Total = 3
- Day = 3, New = 6, Total = 9
- Day = 4, New = 18, Total = 27
- Day = 5, New = 54, Total = 81
- Day = 6, New = 162, Total = 243
- . . .
- . . .
- Day = 18, New = 86093442, Total = 129140163
- Day = 19, New = 258280326, Total = 387420489
- Day = 20, New = 774840978, Total = 1162261467

After only 20 days total of 1162261467 people are infected. If the first person stayed at home, this number could be 1.

To make people understand, you want to write a program that will take an input N where N is an integer and print the statistics for each of the N days.

First line of the input will contain a single integer T. T denotes the number of test cases.

Each of the next T lines will contain an integer N. N denotes the number of days.

1<=T<=30

1<=N<=30

For each test case print "Case t:" in the first line. t denotes the case number.

Then print N lines "Day = x, New = y, Total = z" where, x is the day, y is the number of new infected cases on this day, z = Total number of infected cases till this day.

Input | Output |
---|---|

2 3 4 | Case 1: Day = 1, New = 0, Total = 1 Day = 2, New = 2, Total = 3 Day = 3, New = 6, Total = 9 Case 2: Day = 1, New = 0, Total = 1 Day = 2, New = 2, Total = 3 Day = 3, New = 6, Total = 9 Day = 4, New = 18, Total = 27 |

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Let totali be the number of total infected people till the ith day. So, the number of new infected p...

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